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Prostate Cancer

The second most common cancer in men is prostate cancer. More cases are being identified at an early stage thanks to increased awareness, early screenings and advanced technology. Early detection increases the chances for a better outcome for prostate cancer patients.

The prostate gland is located just below the bladder and surrounds the urethra in men. This male reproductive gland is responsible for making the fluid to carry semen.

Treatment options available at Memorial

Treatment options and prognosis depend on your age and general health at the time of diagnosis. Also, the stage of the cancer and Gleason score can influence what type of treatment your provider may recommend. The Gleason score is the most common scale used to rate prostate cancer, and is scaled from 2 to 10. The higher the Gleason score, the more aggressive the cancer is.

Radical prostatectomy

There are three options if you need a prostatectomy.

Open prostatectomy

An open prostatectomy is performed by making a large incision in the abdomen and removing the prostate and surrounding tissues and lymph nodes.

Laparoscopic prostatectomy

Laparoscopic prostatectomy is performed by making five to six keyhole incisions in the abdomen. Learn more about laparoscopic prostatectomy.

Robotic prostatectomy

Robotic prostatectomy is performed by creating four to six small keyhole incisions in the abdomen. Learn more about robotic prostatectomy.

For all three procedures above, a pelvic drain may be placed to help drain any fluid post surgery. This drain may be removed before you leave the hospital or at the follow-up appointement in the clinic. A urinary catheter that drains your bladder will remain in place until your follow-up visit.

Seed Implants

Seed Implants, or brachytherapy, is where small radioactive pellets or “seeds” are implanted into the prostate tissue to treat prostate cancer. This treatment is set up after a consultation with a radiation oncologist. Learn more about this featured treatment technology, seed implants.

Radiation Therapy

Radiation therapy uses high energy X-rays or electrons to kill cancer cells. During treatment, the machine's X-ray beam is directed to the area of the body with the cancer.

Most radiation therapies are scheduled as five treatments a week, given Monday through Friday, for a period of six to eight weeks.

Radiation therapy is used to treat cancers of the lung, breast, brain, prostate, cervix, uterus and other organs. Most radiation therapies are scheduled as five treatments a week, given Monday through Friday, for a period of six to eight weeks.

Learn more about radiation therapy at Memorial's Regional Cancer Center.