Kidney dialysis is a life-sustaining procedure. During dialysis, waste products and fluid are removed, a function usually taken care of by the kidneys. Patients can participate in two options of treatment: Peritoneal dialysis is done by the patient at home and Hemodialysis is usually done three times a week at an outpatient unit by healthcare professionals.
There are several complications and/or lifestyle changes for dialysis patients. These include:
- Vascular access complications
- Fluid and diet restrictions
- The inconvenience of performing dialysis at home or having to make trips to and from the outpatient unit
- Restrictions to travel or if the patient does need to travel, arrangement must be made in advance for transfers
- Lower survival rate. Research has found that, on average, a patient on dialysis has more medical complications and does not live as long as a patient who has had a successful kidney transplant.*
Currently, the national 1-year survival rate for kidney transplant patients is as high as 95% for patients receviing a kidney from a deceased donor and 98% for those receiving a living organ.*
*(c) 2009 Genetech USA, Inc.