Types of Diets

Memorial Medical Center Food and Nutrition Services offers room service dining from 6:30 a.m. until 8:30 p.m. each day. When you place your meal order, the call center nutrition associate will help you make choices that fit your special diet. Diet specific handouts are also available upon request.

Clear Liquid Diet consists of liquids or liquid foods served at room temperature that are clear and leave a minimal amount of residue in the stomach and intestines including juice, broth, tea and gelatin.

Full Liquid Diet consists of any fluid or food blenderized to a liquid form including milk, juice, smooth cream soups, ice cream, sherbet and pudding.

Dental Soft consists of food with nearly regular textures but excludes very hard, sticky or crunchy foods. Foods should be moist using sauces and gravies.

General Diet has no restrictions. You may order what you wish, but we will question unusually large food orders.

Consistent Carbohydrate Diet is designed to promote good blood glucose control for people with Diabetes Mellitus. The default diet allows 65-75 grams of carbohydrate for men at each meal and allows 50-60 grams carbohydrate for women each meal and can be altered by your doctor or dietitian depending on your needs. Carbohydrates are found in breads, grains, fruits, starchy vegetables, milk products, yogurts and dessert foods.

Dysphagia 1: Pureed Diet provides foods that can be successfully and safely swallowed because they are blended, whipped or mashed until they are a “pudding-like” texture.

Dysphagia 2: Mechanically Altered Diet provides foods that can be successfully and safely swallowed by blending, chopping, grinding or mashing.

Dysphagia 3: Advanced Diet is a transition to a regular diet. Good teeth or dentures and chewing ability are usually required. This level consists of food with nearly regular textures with the exception of very hard, sticky or crunchy foods. Foods still need to be moist and should be in “bite-size” pieces at the oral phase of the swallow.

Low-Fiber Diet (formerly low residue) is designed to offer regular foods that are easily digested and leave a minimal amount of residue in the stomach and intestines. Fresh fruits and vegetables are avoided on this diet.

Low-Sodium Diet restricts sodium or salt for a variety of reasons, including high blood pressure, heart failure, stroke and kidney diseases. A low-sodium diet may help prevent buildup of extra water in your body. There are four options for sodium restriction: no added salt, 4,000 mg sodium/day, 3,000 mg sodium/day and 2,000 mg sodium/day. The default option is 3,000 mg sodium/day. Generally restricted foods include ham, salted snacks, bacon, sausage, other processed meats, canned soups, cheese and others.

Low -Fat Diet helps people who have high amounts of cholesterol in their blood and can also help people who have trouble digesting food with fat, such as those with pancreatitis or diarrhea. Our low-fat diet allows up to 50 grams of fat each day.

Low- Fat/Low-Cholesterol Diet/2,000 mg Sodium or Cardiac Diet is a low-fat, low-cholesterol, low-sodium diet to prevent swelling or fluid retention. A low-sodium diet may help prevent buildup on extra water in your body. This is used when you have heart-related health issues.

Low-Potassium Diet is used primarily when the kidneys are not functioning normally. It limits foods that are high in potassium such as potatoes, bananas, oranges, tomatoes, milk, chocolate and several others.

Low-Phosphorus Diet is used when the kidneys are not functioning normally. Foods high in phosphorus are limited; these include milk and milk products, cheese, among others.

Renal Diet is used when your kidneys are not working well and limits foods high in sodium (salt), potassium and phosphorus. Too much sodium (salt) in your diet may make it harder to control blood pressure, increase your thirst and make your body retain too much fluid. High blood levels of phosphorus may be an early sign that your kidney function is affecting your bones. Limiting potassium can help protect your heart.


Several other options are used in very specific cases:

Low-tyramine foods that interact with certain medications are restricted.

Neutropenic diets are ones in which no fresh fruits or vegetables are allowed.

Gluten-free diets are where alternatives for wheat, barley and rye are used.

Soft diets are used short term for ease of digestion and are similar to low fiber.

Bariatric diets can be used in various stages for patients who have had bariatric surgery.

Ground meat can be used if chewing meat is difficult. 

Fluid restrictions are used if your doctor orders a limit for the amount of fluids. Restrictions can be seen between 500 mL to 2,000 mL per day. The food service department can only send 500 mL with all three meals total. 

Thickened liquids are required when a swallowing problem is present. The liquids served will be thickened to either nectar thick, honey thick or pudding thick. The speech language pathologist (or speech therapist) makes the decision on the correct liquid amount of thickener needed. 

Snacks and Supplements
A variety of between meal snacks and supplements are available to help in meeting your caloric and protein needs. These may be requested by the patient, the patient’s family, the nurse, dietitian or doctor. Memorial currently offers Ensure Plus as the routine supplement. Please call the room service number at 788-DINE at your convenience to request a snack or supplement.