Open Heart or Cardiac Surgery
Open heart surgery allows surgeons to perform a coronary artery bypass graft, which reroutes the flow of blood around a blockage using a vessel from elsewhere in the body. During the procedure, a perfusion machine is used to pump blood through the body while the patient’s heart is stopped. In addition, surgeons can repair or replace your valves during open heart surgery. This surgery will help blood flow to your lungs and the rest of your body more efficiently.
Vascular surgeons treat diseases of the circulatory system, including problems with the aorta, which is the main artery supplying oxygenated blood to the body, as well as blockages of the carotid artery in the neck.
Thoracic surgery, a term which refers to procedures located in the chest, can be used in the treatment of lung and esophagus issues like esophageal or lung cancer and emphysema.
Pacemakers and Defibrillators
Pacemakers and defibrillators are a common option for patients with slow heart rates or arrhythmias. A small device implanted in the chest emits electrical pulses or shocks to moderate the heart rate or rhythm.