Prediabetes is when your blood glucose is elevated but not high enough to be classified as diabetes. You may hear it referred to as “impaired fasting glucose”, “impaired glucose tolerance” or “borderline diabetes”.
A Prediabetes Diagnosis
The doctor will need to check you blood glucose level:
- Fasting glucose (you haven’t had anything to eat or drink, except water, for at least 8 hours) - 100-125
- A1C- (average glucose for 2-3 months) 5.7-6.4
- Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT) – The OGTT tests your glucose before and 2 hours after drinking a special sweetened drink. 140-199
If you are diagnosed with prediabetes, it doesn't necessarily mean you will develop Type 2 diabetes. If you make some simple lifestyle changes, the risk of developing Type 2 diabetes is significantly decreased. Research shows that you can lower your risk for type 2 diabetes by 58% by:
- Losing 7% of your body weight (or 14 pounds if you weigh 200 pounds)
- Moderately exercising (such as brisk walking) 30 minutes a day, five days a week
- Losing even 10-15 pounds can return the glucose levels to normal!
- 79 million people have prediabetes (33% of the adult US population)
- Only 10% people with prediabetes know they have it!
- A recent study estimates that 1 out of 3 people will have diabetes by the year 2050 because of the number of people with prediabetes
- Make sure you glucose level is checked regularly. Asked your doctor what your number is.
- Lose 5-7% of your current body weight.
- Incorporate exercise into your daily routine
- Schedule an individual appointment or group class with one of our dietitians/diabetes educators to determine a plan that is right for you.