Diabetes that only occurs during pregnancy and usually disappears after delivery. Some studies show that up to 70% of women with gestational diabetes (GDM) may develop Type 2 diabetes sometime later in life. Staying at a healthy weight and daily physical activity significantly reduce this risk. GDM is managed with meal planning, physical activity, and sometimes insulin.
Symptoms of GDM
Women with GDM often have no symptoms. It is important for pregnant women to be screened for GDM at about 28 weeks (or sooner if you have a prior h/o GDM).
Risk factors for GDM
- Being overweight prior to pregnancy
- Having GDM in a prior pregnancy
- Having a family history of diabetes or prediabetes